Hyperpigmentation or dark spots on the skin appear when some of the skin areas produce more melanin than required. Melanin is the naturally occurring compound in our bodies that gives the skin, eyes, and hair their natural color.
Dark spots aren’t usually something that should cause concern and they don’t really require any treatment. But some people may choose to remove these spots for cosmetic reasons. These spots are caused by a variety of problems and depending on the cause, sometimes they are referred to as sun spots or age spots.
Below we will look at the various causes of dark spots on the skin and how you can remove them using dermatological products such as serums, creams, and other tinctures.
Symptoms of Dark Spots
Dark spots on the skin usually take a light brown to dark brown form. The color of these spots depends on the natural skin tone of the person. The spots usually have the same texture as the skin where they appear and are never painful.
Some of the areas where dark spots appear include:
- Back of hands
If a person has dark skin, the spots appearing may also be a few more shades darker. These spots usually fade within 6 to 12 months on their own. But if there is a deeper coloration problem in the skin, it may take them years to disappear. Deep color changes can also make them often appear as gray or blue colored spots.
Causes of Dark Spots
There are several causes of dark spots, here are the most common ones.
Hormonal Changes in the Body
Hormonal changes can often trigger a skin condition known as Melasma. This condition can lead to small patches of discoloration on the skin that can be identified as dark spots. This condition is very common in women, especially when they are pregnant.
Damage from Sun Rays
Another very common cause of dark spots is exposure to sunlight. These dark spots are usually identified as sunspots, liver spots, or solar lentigines. Most people develop these spots after being exposed to the sun for prolonged periods of time. People who enjoy tanning beds are often victims of these spots.
Sunspots also appear on areas of the skin that receive the most sun exposure such as the hands, face, or arms.
Inflammation of the Skin
Skin inflammation can also cause dark spots to develop. Inflammation in the skin can occur for several reasons including acne, psoriasis, eczema, and an injury to the skin.
Side Effects of Pharmaceutical Drugs
Certain prescribed or over-the-counter drugs can increase skin pigmentation which leads to the formation of dark spots. The most common drugs that cause this side effect include psychotropic drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and tetracyclines.
Sometimes dark sports may form as a result of skin irritation. Irritation of the skin can result from a cut heal, insect bite, or a burn. These spots usually fade away with time.
Irritation of the Skin
Some cosmetics or skin care products can irritate the skin which causes dark patches to form. These patches can also be identified as dark spots on the skin.
Health Conditions like Diabetes
Diabetes is known to cause areas of the skin to become darker. Any condition associated with diabetes including acanthosis nigricans can also cause these spots. Sometimes the skin can become velvety and darkened. If such a condition arises, it cannot be identified as dark spots.
How to Remove Dark Spots from the Skin
Dark spots on the skin do not require treatment and can disappear within time. But some people still choose to have them removed because of cosmetic reasons. If you cannot wait 6-12 months for dark spots to disappear, then there are various treatments available to remove them within weeks.
You could either have them removed through laser treatment or using chemical peels and prescription skin-lightening cream.
One of the fastest and safest ways to remove dark spots is to use the DNA Cosmeceuticals Rapid Skin Whitener cream. This cream is formulated with Alpha Arbutin and other powerful skin lightening agents that can quickly fade dark spots, even out the skin tone, and remove any other skin discoloration from arising due to hyperpigmentation and melasma.
The Rapid skin whitener cream is made from a natural berry extract that performs much better than any other product containing hydroquinone and kojic acid. It does so by blocking the epidermal melanin biosynthesis.
Moreover, the Alpha Arbutin in the cream has shown to provide protection against UV ray overexposure. It is the perfect cream to use if you love being in the sun but fear the outbreak of dark circles.